Cesarean delivery (C-section) is a gynecological surgical procedure done to give birth to a baby. Performed under anesthesia (spinal block or combined epidural-spinal), it involves a cut in the abdomen and uterus of the mother.
You may need a Cesarean in case pregnancy complications have developed and vaginal delivery may pose a danger to your or baby’s life.
However, many women willfully opt for C-section (elective cesarean) to evade the labor pain during vaginal births.
When is C-section required?
Below are some of the conditions in which your doctor may recommend C-section for delivery of the baby. (The list is not exhaustive and only includes some of the most common ones)
- Abnormal position of the baby may obstruct vaginal delivery – breech (when baby’s feet/buttocks enter the birth canal first) or transverse baby (positioned on side).
- When your labor is stalled or not progressing (cervix opening is not enough to deliver the baby even after several hours of labor pain)
- Abnormal changes in the heartbeat of your baby
- Carrying multiple babies
- When the umbilical cord tangles around the neck of your baby or if it is pressed by the uterus
- When the cervix opening is covered through placenta
- When you have other health concerns such as heart problems, high blood pressure or HIV etc.
- Often when mother’s age is 40 years or above
Risks of C-section
Though found very rare, some risks of C-section are:
- Infection in the uterus lining (endometritis)
- Increased bleeding
- Adverse reactions to anesthesia
- Blood clotting in veins of legs or pelvic organs
- Surgical injury to nearby organs
Cost of C-section
The cost of C-section in India is approximately US$1200.