Cervical Cancer Treatment in India
In this article, we will look at the following:
- Understanding cervical cancer
- Causes of cervical cancer & identifying the symptoms
- How to prevent cervical cancer
- Cervical cancer stages & treatment
- Recovery after cervical cancer
- Cost of cervical cancer treatment in India
- Top Hospitals treating cervical cancer in India
- Top Hospitals in different cities treating cervical cancer – Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Gurgaon, Kolkata
Cervical cancer is the second most common gynecological cancer after breast cancer in women. A study reveals, every year India alone witnesses over a lakh new cases of cervical cancer. In spite of much development in preventive, early detection and treatment measures, cases of last stage diagnosis or related deaths are high in numbers.
A prevalent lack of knowledge and ignorance among women towards the disease leads to many undetected or late detected cases that become difficult to treat. Like most of other cancers, if diagnosed early cervical cancer is treatable and curable.
A must for all women to know is that for early detection regular screening is necessary, towards which mostly women tend to be careless. To fight cervical cancer it is important to be more aware about the disease and take well-informed decisions related to cervical cancer treatment in India.
What is cervical cancer?
The lower part of uterus (womb) that connects to vagina (birth canal) is called cervix. The abnormal growth of cells (tumor) in the cervix is called cervical cancer.
What causes cervical cancer?
Almost 90% of cervical cancers are due to sexually transmitted Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). HPV is common in adults but not all types of HPV infections mean you will have cervical cancer. More than half of HPV types are linked to the dreaded disease.
Having multiple sexual partners, becoming sexually active at very early age, infected with STD diseases (like chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis), smoking, weak immune system, long-term use of contraceptive pills, pregnancy at very young age young and multiple pregnancies put you at a very high risk of cervical cancer. The other causes can be a family history of cervical cancer or a high level of prolonged mental stress that weakens your body’s ability to fight HPV.
How to prevent cervical cancer?
An HPV vaccination, if taken at an early age (10-14 years) before the onset of sexual activity, could reduce the risk of cervical cancer. However, screening is essential even after vaccination as the HPV vaccine covers 70-80% HPV types that are responsible for cervical cancer.
Also, you should get screened regularly every 3-5 years after the 30 years of age to prevent the disease. Along with this healthy lifestyle practices would reduce the risk.
How to diagnose cervical cancer?
A PAP test (also known as Pap smear) and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) test can detect abnormality in the cervix cells. A regular screening through these tests may detect precancerous cervix cells which can be treated to stop developing into cancer. The final diagnosis of cancer is done after a biopsy of cervix tissue.
Symptoms of cervical cancer
Like most of other cancer types, cervical cancer rarely shows any symptoms. An HPV infection may sometimes lead to genital warts which show the risk of cervical cancer. Thus, it is better to go for regular screening tests (PAP test or HPV test) to detect the disease early. Still the below signs should not be ignored and you should consult your doctor:
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Increased vaginal discharge
- Bleeding after menopause
- Pain during sex
- Pelvic pain
Stages of cervical cancer
There are 4 stages of cervical cancer.
- Stage I confined to cervix
- Stage II in cervix and uterus
- Stage II is when cancer moved to the pelvic wall or lower part of vagina
- Stage IV cancer spread to nearby organs like bladder, rectum, lungs, or liver etc.
Treatment of cervical cancer
Your cervical oncologist decides best what kind of treatment approach is necessary depending on your specific medical case including type of cervical cancer, stage of cancer and other medical reports. Usually any of the below cancer treatment methods or the combination of all are used to treat cervical cancer patients.
Cervical cancer surgery
Surgery includes a simple hysterectomy i:e., removal of the uterus or a radical hysterectomy which also removes tissues around the cervix. In advanced stage cervical cancer, pelvic extenteration may be recommended by your oncologist. In it the uterus, cervix, ovaries, vagina, bladder, rectum and some lymph nodes are removed.
It can be given both before and after the surgery depending on your medical case. Chemotherapy is actually the different doses of drugs (via pills, injections, or IV solutions) administered into the patient to kill the cancer cells and also to prevent further relapse after the surgery.
It is used to kill the tumor cells. For patients in advanced stage of cervical cancer, combination of radiation therapy and chemotherapy is used.
Recovery after cervical cancer
After the cervical cancer treatment your doctor would watch you closely for side effects and recurrence. The follow-up will continue for some years. Regular pelvic exams, PAP tests, lab tests, X-rays and other imaging tests may be recommended. If you notice any changes, problems or have any questions share with your doctor.
For better recovery and reducing the chances of recurring you should follow healthy lifestyle that includes balanced diet, maintains healthy body weight, moderate physical activity, and quit smoking.
Cost of cervical cancer treatment in India
Cancer medicines and procedures like chemotherapy are expensive and most of us are not in a position to take that financial challenge, especially if there is no insurance cover. Cost of cancer treatment varies with hospitals and cities as every hospital has its own infrastructure, surgeon, therapies, and other tests/examination facilities charges which finally add to the total cervical cancer treatment cost.
One sitting of chemotherapy in a well-known big hospital may cost you approximately between INR 30,000-1 lakh depending on the drugs and the doses given while you can expect the same type of chemotherapy to be almost 30-40% less in other less known but good quality hospital.
For detailed cost information read: Cost of cancer treatment in India
Which hospital in India is best for cervical cancer treatment?
India also has the best of cancer hospitals, trained and experienced oncologists, and advanced treatment facilities for all types of cancer patients. You do not need to look at western countries for its treatment. Today the country has about 200 cancer hospitals which provide highly specialized and personalized treatment for cervical cancer. They conduct all types of procedures like cervical cancer surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, etc. required during cancer treatment.
Private hospitals like Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Artemis Hospital, Medanta Hospital, Paras Hospital, Global Hospital, Adyar Cancer Hospital, Kidwai Institute of Oncology, and Jaslok Hospital, are some of the renowned cervical cancer hospitals of the country where patients from around the world come to get treated for the disease.
While selecting the right cervical cancer hospital, you will have to look into several factors like highly experienced oncologist, availability of latest technology, expertise in cancer patient care, and good infrastructure.
Now, let’s take a quick look at some of the good hospitals for cancer treatment in major cities of India.
Cervical cancer hospitals of Delhi
Delhi has about 30 reputed oncology hospitals offering all kinds cervical cancer treatments. Some of the famous cancer hospitals of the city are Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospitals, BLK Super Specialty Hospital, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital (IRCH), Dharamshila Hospital and Research Centre, Action Cancer Hospital, Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital, Delhi State Cancer Institute, Cancer Healer Center, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, and Batra Hospital.
Cervical cancer hospitals of Mumbai
There are about 30 cancer hospitals in Mumbai offering cervical cancer treatment. Dr. L H Hiranandani Hospital, Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, S L Raheja Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Wockhardt Super Speciality Hospital, Global Hospital, Kokilaben Hospital, Nanavati Hospital, Lilavati Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, Seven Hills Hospital, Guru Nanak Hospital, PD Hinduja National Hospital, and Breach Candy Hospital Trust are some of the well-known reputed hospitals in the city.
Cervical cancer hospitals of Kolkata
Kolkata has about 15 oncology hospitals providing world-class facilities and specialized cancer treatment such as Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Desun Hospital, Cancer Centre Welfare Home and Research Institute, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Cancer Research Institute, Tata Medical Center, and Charnock Hospital.
Cervical cancer hospitals of Bangalore
There are over 25 oncology hospitals in Bangalore such as Apollo Specialty Hospital, BGS Global Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Mazumdar Shaw Medical Centre, KIDWAI Memorial Institute of Oncology, Manipal Hospital, HCG Cancer Centre, known for treating and curing cancer patients.
Cervical cancer hospitals of Chennai
Chennai has over 24 good cancer specialty hospitals like Apollo Speciality Cancer Hospital, Anuradha Maternity Centre, MIOT International, Dr. Kamakshi Memorial Hospital, SIMS Hospitals, Chennai Meenakshi Multispeciality Hospital, Vijaya Hospital, Bharathiraja Speciality Hospital and Research Centre, and Adyar Cancer Institute etc.
Cervical cancer hospitals of Gurgaon
How can MedGurus guide me to the best cervical cancer hospital?
We see Indian hospitals as a reliable and appropriate location for all types of cancer treatments not just for people living in the country but foreign nationals. So if you or your loved one is diagnosed cervical cancer, you need not worry as you will be in safe hands at the best of hospitals in the country.
MedGurus is happy to advise you for high quality and affordable cancer cure in any part of India and make your job (of selecting cervical cancer hospital and best cancer specialist in India) simpler.
Discuss your case with one of our Patient Advisors for a free guidance. Best wishes!