Liver Cancer Treatment in India
In this article, we will look at the following:
- Understanding liver cancer – types and causes
- Identifying the symptoms
- How to detect liver cancer
- Liver cancer stages and treatment
- Cost of liver cancer treatment
- Top Hospitals treating liver cancer in India
- Top Hospitals treating liver cancer in Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, and Gurgaon
One of the most common cancer in the world, liver cancer is often diagnosed in its later stages, thus making the treatment a challenge for oncologist. With advanced medical treatment, you can be relieved of liver cancer symptoms and increase life expectancy.
If you or your loved one is diagnosed with liver cancer, it is essential to be more aware and cautious about the disease to take a well-informed decision through the treatment process and get the best outcomes of the treatment.
What is liver cancer?
Simply speaking, liver cancer also known as hepatic cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the liver. It is of three types:
- Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) –Most common type, abnormal growth in the liver cells, two types – primary (starts in the liver) and secondary liver cancer (starting somewhere else in body and spreads to liver)
- Cholangiocarcinoma – also called bile duct cancer, starts in bile ducts of liver, very rare
- Angiosarcoma – starts in the blood vessels of the liver, grows very quickly, very rare type
Here we will deal with Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of liver cancer, as about 90% of the liver cancer diagnosed are of this type.
Why did I get liver cancer?
The exact cause of liver cancer is unclear but if you have had any conditions of chronic liver infections like hepatitis B, C, hemochromatosis or cirrhosis, then there is a high probability of getting the disease. In fact most of the liver cancer patients have been previously diagnosed liver cirrhosis (scarring of liver). Alcohol, smoking, and high intake of red meat are other reasons that damage the liver tissues vigorously. Other than this a family history of liver cancer, obesity, and fatty liver can also be a reason for hepatic cancer.
Symptoms of liver cancer
Unfortunately, there are no specific early symptoms of liver cancer. It is mostly diagnosed in its later stages. If you have above risk factors, a screening is advisable for early detection or to rule out the disease. Some common later stage symptoms may be:
- Weight loss
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite and bloating
- Abdominal swelling
- Abdominal pain
Which tests detect liver cancer?
- Blood tests – Liver Function Tests (LFTs), alpha fetoprotein (AFP)
- Ultrasound scan
- CT scan
- MRI scan
- Liver biopsy
Stages of liver cancer
There are four stages of liver cancer. The stage of liver cancer denotes the severity of the spread of cancer cells in the liver whether they are confined to liver tissues or spread over to blood vessels or lymph nodes or to other organs.
Here again it is important to remember early detection of liver cancer brings best results of treatment. Oncologist proceeds treatment according to the stage and type of liver cancer diagnosed.
Treatment of liver cancer
Your healthcare team including gastroenterologist, oncologist, and radiologists decides best what kind of treatment approach is necessary depending on your specific medical case including type of liver cancer, liver function quality, stage of cancer, overall health condition and other medical reports. Usually any of the below cancer treatment methods or the combination of all are used to treat liver cancer patients.
Liver cancer surgery
Surgery is done to remove the infected part of liver (partial hepatectomy), which is not spread to blood vessels. Generally, surgery treats single small liver tumor. All patients are not good candidates for surgery as it depends upon the function of liver and general medical health.
A liver transplant may be the best option if there is more than one small tumor in the liver, spread to blood vessels that cannot be removed surgically due to bad liver function or location of tumors. The new liver after liver transplant functions as a normal organ and also reduces the risk of liver cancer significantly.
Chemotherapy for liver cancer
It can be given both before and after the surgery depending on your medical case. Chemotherapy is actually the different doses of drugs (via pills, injections, or IV solutions) administered into the patient to kill the cancer cells and also to prevent further relapse.
Radiation therapy is given to kill cancer cells and provide relieve from pain. It is also used along with chemotherapy when treating liver cancer without surgery.
Targeted drug therapy
This is the advanced treatment for HCC, which is costlier too. Targeted cancer therapy drugs act differently than chemotherapy as they specifically target certain characters of cancer cells that allow the cancer cells to grow abnormally. Targeted therapy is less likely to harm the healthy cells of the body.
The aim of ablation treatment is to prevent or relieve symptoms and help patient to live longer life. It is often used to treat cancer that has spread to other organs. In ablation treatment methods tumors are destroyed using extreme heat or cold. It is often used when surgery is not an option to treat liver cancer.
Embolization method may be used to treat very large tumors that cannot be treated through ablation. In this the blood supply to the cancer cells is blocked by injecting substances into bloodstream, thus destroying the cancer cells. For example, Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) which is a specific type of chemoembolization (combination of chemotherapy with embolization) done to block blood supply to the liver tumor.
Which hospital in India is best for liver cancer treatment?
India also has the best of cancer hospitals, trained and experienced oncologists, and advanced treatment facilities for all types of cancer patients. You do not need to look at western countries for its treatment. Today the country has about 200 cancer hospitals which provide highly specialized and personalized treatment for liver cancer. They conduct all types of procedures like liver transplant, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or ablation etc., required during liver cancer treatment.
Private hospitals like Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Wockhardt Hospitals, Medanta- The Medicity, Apollo Hospital, Artemis Hospital, SIMS Hospital, Sri Ramakrishna Hospital Coimbatore, Global Hospital, Kokilaben Hospital and Continental Hospital are some of the renowned liver cancer hospitals of the country where patients from around the world come to get treated for the disease.
While selecting the right liver cancer hospital, you will have to look into several factors like highly experienced oncologist, availability of latest technology, expertise in cancer patient care, and good infrastructure.
Cost of your liver cancer treatment in India
Cost of cancer treatment varies with hospitals and cities as every hospital has its own infrastructure, surgeon, therapies, and other tests/examination facilities charges which finally add to the total liver cancer treatment cost.
The cost of Chemotherapy per cycle may start from US$930 and go up to over US$15,000 depending upon drugs and doses, type of cancer and patient’s medical condition.
For detailed cost information read: Cost of cancer treatment in India
Now, let’s take a quick look at some of the good hospitals for cancer treatment in major cities of India.
Liver cancer hospitals of Delhi NCR
Delhi has about 30 reputed oncology hospitals offering all kinds liver cancer treatments. Some of the famous liver cancer hospitals of the city are BLK Super Specialty Hospital, Apollo Hospitals, Artemis Hospital, Medanta – The Medicity, Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Jay Pee Hospital, Columbia Asia Hospital, Paras Hospital, Delhi State Cancer Institute, Cancer Healer Center, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Max Super Specialty Hospital, and Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital.
The Delhi NCR boasts many highly experienced and qualified oncologists. To name some are Dr. K.K. Pandey, Dr. Ramesh Sarin, Dr. Jalaj Baxi, Dr. Ashok Vaid, Dr. Kaushal Madan, Dr. A.S. Soin, Dr. R.N. Mittal, Dr. Rakesh Chopra, Dr. (Brig) A.K. Dhar, Dr. Indu Bansal Aggarwal, Dr. Anusheel Munshi, Dr. Kaushal Yadav, Dr. A.K. Kriplani, Dr. Vedant Kabra, Dr. Jawahar Ticku, Dr. Sudip Raina, Dr. Ankur Garg, and Dr.Rajeev SharanDr. W V B S Ramalingam, Dr. Sabyasachi Bal, Dr. Sameer Kaul, Dr. Rajeev Agarwal, Dr. Rama Joshi, Dr. Sudhir K Rawal, Dr. Harit Chaturvedi, Dr Pradeep Jain, Dr. Arvinder Singh Soin, and Dr. Kapil Kumar, etc.
Liver cancer hospitals of Mumbai
There are about 30 cancer hospitals in Mumbai offering liver cancer treatment. Kokilaben Hospital, Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Wockhardt Hospital, S L Raheja Hospital, Global Hospital, Nanavati Hospital, Lilavati Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, PD Hinduja National Hospital, Seven Hills Hospital, and Breach Candy Hospital are some of the well-known reputed hospitals in the city.
To name some of the famous oncologists of the city, known for their surgical skills and other cancer treatments are Dr. P Jagannath, Dr. Ramankant Krishnaji Deshpande, Dr. Chetan Shah, Dr. Deepak Chhabra, Dr. Ashok R. Mehta, Dr. Suresh Advani, Dr. Kamran Ahmed Khan, Dr. Vijay Haribhakti, Dr. Arun Behl, Dr. Ian D’souza, Dr. Boman Nariman Dhabar, Dr. Mehul S Bhansali, and Dr Sanjay Govil etc.
Liver cancer hospitals of Kolkata
Kolkata has about 15 oncology hospitals providing world-class facilities and specialized cancer treatment such as Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Cancer Research Institute, Tata Medical Center, Desun Hospital, Cancer Centre Welfare Home and Research Institute, and Charnock Hospital.
Some of its well-known oncologists are Dr. Sumantra Ray, Dr. Gouri Sankar Bhattacharya, Dr. Gautam Mukhopadhyay, Dr. Sandip Chakrabarti, Dr. Saurabh Ghosh, Dr. Soumya Bhattacharya, and Dr. Jayesh Kumar Jha, Dr. Subhankar Deb, Dr. Subhasish Sarkar, Dr. Pinaki Banerjee, Dr. Prabir Bijoy Kar, and Dr. Subrata Saha, etc.
Liver cancer hospitals of Bangalore
There are over 25 oncology hospitals in Bangalore such as Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospitals, BGS Global Hospital, Mazumdar Shaw Medical Centre, Apollo Specialty Hospital, The Bangalore Hospital, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, HCG Cancer Centre, and Manipal Hospital, known for treating and curing cancer patients.
Some of renowned cancer specialists of the city are Dr Anand Khakhar, Dr. M. Chandrashekar, Dr. Pragnya Coca, Dr. Vineet Gupta, Dr. Sandeep Nayak, Dr. Nanda Rajaneesh, Dr. KS Gopinath, Dr. Anil Kamath, Dr. Jagannath Dixit, Dr. A Olithselvan, Dr. Jayanti S Thumsi, Dr. Vijayasarathy Kothandaraman, and Dr. P. P. Bapsy etc.
Liver cancer hospitals of Chennai
Chennai has over 24 good cancer specialty hospitals like Apollo Speciality Cancer Hospital, SIMS Hospitals, Bharathiraja Speciality Hospital and Research Centre, Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai Meenakshi Multispeciality Hospital, Vijaya Hospital, Dr. Kamakshi Memorial Hospital, MIOT International, and Adyar Cancer Institute etc.
Dr. Bellarmine Vincent Lawrence, Dr. G Manoharan, Dr. S Ayyapan, Dr. M.P. Kaleel Rehman, Dr. Raja T, Dr. Mathew Jacob, Dr. V. Arun, Dr. S Vijayaraghavan, Dr. C S Mani, Dr. A N Vaidhyswaran, Dr. Mahadev P, Dr. Alamuri Ramesh, Dr. Uma Krishnaswamy, and Dr. Ranjan Kumar Mohapatra etc., are some of the well-known cancer specialist in Chennai.
How can MedGurus guide me to the best liver cancer hospital?
We see Indian hospitals as a reliable and appropriate location for all types of cancer treatments not just for people living in the country but foreign nationals. So if you or your loved one is diagnosed liver cancer, you need not worry as you will be in safe hands at the best of hospitals in the country.
MedGurus, an initiative by Global Medi Advisors, is happy to advise you for high quality and affordable cancer cure in any part of India and make your job (of selecting liver cancer hospital and best cancer specialist in India) simpler.
To get the best cost estimate for the treatment in India, please share your medical reports.