Lung Cancer Treatment in India
In this article on Lung Cancer, we are going to look at:
- Understanding Lung Cancer
- Symptoms of Lung Cancer
- Lung Cancer Diagnosis
- Lung Cancer Types
- Approximating cost of Lung Cancer Treatment
- Top Lung Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India
- Some of the best cancer treatment Hospitals & Specialists in the top metros – Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad & Kolkata
The most prevalent type of cancer in the world attacking both men and women is lung cancer. Although potentially curable, it is also known to be the common cause of cancer related fatalities, as often diagnosed in its later stages when cancer has spread widely in both the lungs or had already attacked other parts of the body.
The prime reason is lack of awareness and ignorance towards our lungs and the disease itself. It is essential to be more informed and cautious about the disease to get the best outcomes of lung cancer treatment.
What is lung cancer?
Lung cancer is the abnormal growth of cells inside our lungs that multiply fast and later turn into tumors that may remain inside the lungs (benign tumors) or may spread to other parts of the body (malignant tumors).
Who is at risk?
About 90% of lung cancer is due to smoking (both active and passive). A non-smoker living with a smoker has 20-30% more risk of getting lung cancer. If you or people around you are cigarette or tobacco smokers then there is a high possibility of being caught lung cancer.
Your environmental exposures like continuous inhalation of polluted air or exposure to arsenic or gases like radon can also be the cause of lung cancer.
Symptoms of lung cancer
Visible symptoms of lung cancer are rare. Like all other cancer types, lung cancer also attacks silently. But you should never ignore the below signs:
- Cough (chronic or recurrent)
- Fever, fatigue
- Pain in chest, back, and shoulder
- Shortness of breath or wheezing
- Unexplained weight loss
- Changes in color of mucus
- Difficulty in breathing and swallowing
- Coughing up blood
Which tests detect lung cancer?
- Your history of smoking and exposure to harmful gases and chemicals
- Physical examination
- A chest X-ray
- A spiral CT exam
- A sputum, phlegm cytology exam
Unfortunately, above methods detect only about 30% of lung cancers cases but are still pre-requisite. You may have to undergo other diagnostic tests depending upon the results of above screening tests. Definitive diagnostic tests also help to know the type (small cell and non-small cell lung cancers) and stage of cancer. Your doctor is the best person to judge if the definitive diagnostic tests like below are required or not:
- PET scan
- Bone scan
- Stages of lung cancer
Stages of lung cancer:
The Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) type has two stages – limited-stage and extensive-stage while Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) has four stages.
The stage of lung cancer denotes the severity of the cancerous cells in the body whether they are confined to the lymph nodes of one lung or spread over to healthy tissues in both lungs. In advanced lung cancer stage the tumor spreads to other organs of the body also.Here again it is important to remember early detection of lung cancer brings best results of treatment. Oncologist proceeds treatment according to the stage and type of lung cancer diagnosed.
Treatment of lung cancer
Your lung oncologist decides best what kind of treatment approach is necessary depending on your specific medical case including type of lung cancer, stage of cancer and other medical reports. Usually any of the below cancer treatment methods or the combination of all are used to treat lung cancer patients.
Lung cancer surgery
Surgeries can be done to completely free you from cancer cells in your lungs. But all patients are not good candidate for lung surgery as it depends upon the functionality of your lungs, which is best judged by your lung cancer specialist.
Surgery is effective only in case of early stage lung cancer particularly in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) when it has not spread outside the chest.
Following are the different types of lung cancer surgery performed depending on type and stage of lung cancer.
- Wedge resection (removal of wedge-shaped piece of infected lung)
- Lobectomy (removal of an entire lobe of lung that has cancer cells)
- Pneumonectomy (removal of entire cancerous lung)
- Sleeve resection (removal of the cancerous part of the bronchus)
It can be given both before and after the surgery depending on your medical case. Chemotherapy is actually the different doses of drugs (via pills, injections, or IV solutions) administered into the patient to kill the cancer cells and also to prevent further relapse.
It is done often after the lung cancer surgery to kill cancer cells in the lungs that may be left after surgery. Radiation therapy is also used along with chemotherapy when treating lung cancer without surgery.
Targeted drug therapy
This is the advanced treatment for lung cancer, which is costlier too. Targeted cancer therapy drugs act differently than chemotherapy as they specifically target certain characters of cancer cells that allow the cancer cells to grow abnormally. Targeted therapy is less likely to harm the healthy cells of the body.
Which hospital in India is best for lung cancer treatment?
India also has the best of cancer hospitals, trained and experienced oncologists, and advanced treatment facilities for all types of cancer patients. Today the country has about 200 cancer hospitals which provide highly specialized and personalized treatment for lung cancer. Most of them conduct all types of procedures like lung cancer surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy etc. required during cancer treatment.
Private hospitals like Medanta- The Medicity, Jaypee Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Apollo Chennai Hospital, Artemis Hospital, Wockhardt Hospitals, Kokilaben Hospital, Adyar Cancer Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, Kidwai Institute of Oncology are some of the renowned Lung cancer hospitals of the country where patients from around the world come to get treated for the disease.
While selecting the right lung cancer hospital, you will have to look into several factors like highly experienced oncologist, availability of latest technology, expertise in cancer patient care, and good infrastructure.
Cost of your lung cancer treatment
Cancer medicines and procedures like chemotherapy are expensive and it becomes difficult to afford for many of us especially if there is no insurance cover. Cost of cancer treatment varies with hospitals and cities as every hospital has its own infrastructure, surgeon, therapies, and other tests/examination facilities charges which finally add to the total lung cancer treatment cost.
One cycle of chemotherapy in a private hospital may cost you approximately between US$930-US$15,000 depending on the drugs and the doses, type of cancer and patient’s medical condition.
For detailed cost information read: Cost of cancer treatment in India
Now, let’s take a quick look at some of the good hospitals for cancer treatment in major cities of India.
Lung cancer hospitals of Delhi NCR
Delhi NCR has about 40 reputed oncology hospitals offering all kinds lung cancer treatments. Some of the famous cancer hospitals of the city are BLK Super Specialty Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospitals, Artemis Hospital, Medanta – The Medicity, Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Jaypee Hospital, Paras Hospital, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital (IRCH), Dharamshila Hospital and Research Centre, Columbia Asia Hospital, Action Cancer Hospital, Delhi State Cancer Institute, Cancer Healer Center, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, and Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital, etc
The region boasts many highly experienced and qualified oncologists. To name some are Dr. K.K. Pandey, Dr. Ramesh Sarin, Dr. W V B S Ramalingam, Dr. Sabyasachi Bal, Dr. Sameer Kaul, Dr. Ashok Vaid, Dr. R.N. Mittal, Dr. Rakesh Chopra, Dr. (Brig) A K Dhar, Dr. Indu Bansal Aggarwal, Dr. Anusheel Munshi, Dr. Prakash Sinha, Dr. Kailash Nath Gupta , Dr. Jawahar Ticku, Dr. Jyoti Wadhwa, Dr. Amish D Vora, Dr. Tejinder Kataria, Dr. Arvind Kumarand, Dr. Rajeev Sharan, Dr. Rajeev Agarwal, Dr. Rama Joshi, Dr. Sudhir K Rawal, Dr. Harit Chaturvedi, Dr. Peush Bajpai, Dr. Dharma Choudhary, Dr. Rangaraju Ranga Rao, Dr. Amit Agarwal, Dr. Rajat Saha, Dr. Deni Gupta, Dr. Puneet Gupta, Dr. Jawahar Ticku, Dr. Amish Vora, Dr. Bhawana Awasthy, Dr. Sunny Jain, Dr. Hari K Goyal, Dr. Rajesh, and Dr. Jalaj Baxi etc.
Lung cancer hospitals of Mumbai
There are about 30 cancer hospitals in Mumbai offering lung cancer treatment. Global Hospital, Kokilaben Hospital, Wockhardt Hospitals, Dr. L H Hiranandani Hospital, Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Nanavati Hospital, Lilavati Hospital, S L Raheja Hospital, Seven Hills Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, PD Hinduja National Hospital, and Breach Candy Hospital Trust are some of the well-known reputed hospitals in the city.
To name some of the famous oncologists of the city, known for their surgical skills and other cancer treatments are Dr. P Jagannath, Dr. Ramankant Krishnaji Deshpande, Dr. Chetan Shah, Dr. Kamran Ahmed Khan, Dr. Ashok R. Mehta, Dr. Vijay Haribhakti, Dr. Arun Behl, Dr. Vashishth Maniar, Dr. Suresh Advani, Dr. Rajendra Badwe, Dr. Adwaita A Gore, Dr. Dinesh Pendharkar, Dr. Tejinder Singh, Dr. Indoo Ambulkar, Dr. Rupal Hitesh Chheda, Dr. Anupama Borkar Bhagia, Dr. Muzammil Shaikh, Dr. Sudeep Sarkar, Dr.Dinesh .Y. Pendharkar, and Dr. Ian D’souza etc.
Lung cancer hospitals of Kolkata
Kolkata has about 15 oncology hospitals providing world-class facilities and specialized cancer treatment such as Fortis Hospital, Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Cancer Research Institute, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Desun Hospital, Cancer Centre Welfare Home and Research Institute, Tata Medical Center, and Charnock Hospital.
Some of its well-known oncologists are Dr. Sumantra Ray, Dr. Gouri Sankar Bhattacharya, Dr. Gautam Mukhopadhyay, Dr. Saurabh Ghosh, Dr. Soumya Bhattacharya, Dr. Tamohan Chaudhuri, Dr. Indranil Ghosh, Dr. Prasenjit Chatterjee, Dr. Subrata Saha, Dr. Lt. Gen. Saibal Mukherjee, Dr. Subhanker Deb, Dr. Ansuman Mukhopadhayay, Dr. Partha Basu, and Dr. Jayesh Kumar Jha etc.
Lung cancer hospitals of Bangalore
There are over 25 oncology hospitals in Bangalore such as Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospitals, Mazumdar Shaw Medical Centre, Apollo Specialty Hospital, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, BGS Global Hospital, HCG Cancer Centre, Manipal Hospital, known for treating and curing cancer patients.
Some of renowned cancer specialists of the city are Dr. Chandrashekar, Dr. Pragnya Coca, Dr. Vineet Gupta, Dr. Sandeep Nayak, Dr Jayanti S Thumsi, Dr. Vijayasarathy Kothandaraman, Dr. Suresh Babu M.C, Dr. Mahesh Rajashekaraiah, Dr. S.K.Gupta, Dr. Shabber S Zaveri, Dr. Rajeev L K, Dr. B.K.M Reddy, Dr. Nalini Kilara, Dr. Ravi Thippeswamy, Dr. Pragnya Coca, Dr. Ashish Dixit, Dr. Vikram D Kekatpure, Dr. M Udaya Kumar Maiya, Dr. Kudingila Radha Madhava, and Dr. P. P. Bapsy.
Lung cancer hospitals of Chennai
Chennai has over 24 good cancer specialty hospitals like Fortis Malar Hospital, Bharathiraja Speciality Hospital and Research Centre, Apollo Speciality Cancer Hospital, Dr. Kamakshi Memorial Hospital, SIMS Hospitals, Chennai Meenakshi Multispeciality Hospital, Vijaya Hospital, MIOT International, and Adyar Cancer Institute etc.
Dr. Bellarmine Vincent Lawrence, Dr. S Vijayaraghavan, Dr. Raja T, Dr. C S Mani, Dr. A N Vaidhyswaran, Dr. Mahadev P, Dr. Alamuri Ramesh, Dr. S. Gurumurthy, Dr. Prof. S. Subramanian, Dr. K Kalaiselvi, Dr. D. S. Manohar, Dr. S Sivakumar, Dr. K Bhaskaran, Dr. Joseph Francis Dominic, Dr. V. Srinivasan, Dr. Suresh Kumar, and Dr. Ranjan Kumar Mohapatra etc., are some of the well-known cancer specialist in Chennai.
How can MedGurus guide me to the best lung cancer hospital?
We see Indian hospitals as a reliable and appropriate location for all types of cancer treatments not just for people living in the country but foreign nationals. So if you or your loved one is diagnosed lung cancer, you need not worry as you will be in safe hands at the best of hospitals in the country.
MedGurus is happy to advise you for high quality and affordable cancer cure in any part of India and make your job (of selecting lung cancer hospital and best cancer specialist in India) simpler.
Discuss your case with one of our Patient Advisors for a free guidance.