A bronchoscopy is a test done under local anesthesia to examine your airways. An instrument, bronchoscope that has light source and camera will be passed through your nose or mouth down to throat reaching lungs. The process helps to view your complete respiratory system (larynx, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles). The doctor may also collect samples for biopsy, if required. It is an outpatient procedure.
Bronchoscopy test is also used as treatment procedure such as in case of removing external object like a food piece from your airways or destroy tumor in the lungs through lasers.
About six-12 hours prior to bronchoscopy, you need to avoid eating or drinking anything, including certain medicines like aspirin or ibuprofin etc. Inform your doctor beforehand about the medications you are taking and the allergies if you have any.
When is Bronchoscopy used?
You may be advised bronchoscopy, if chest X-ray or CT scan reports show abnormal signs of a tumor, an infection, or a lung disease. The procedure can be used to diagnose below problems:
- Blockage in airways
- Lung disease
- Chronic cough
Recovery after Bronchoscopy
You would be under observation for about two hours until anesthesia effect wears off. For the next one to two days you may cough up dark brown blood, which is normal. However, if it is red blood in the sputum, immediately inform the doctor.
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