Cystectomy is a removal of a complete or partial urinary bladder. The term Cystectomy is also used for removal of the ovarian cyst or gall bladder (Cholecystectomy).
Cystectomy can be done using any of the below techniques:
Open surgery – The traditional method open and long cut to access the bladder
Minimally invasive surgery (Laparoscopy) – Surgical tools inserted through small incisions to reach the bladder
Robotic surgery – Minimally invasive surgery in which the surgeon remotely operates through the surgical tools
When is Cystectomy done?
- Defects in the urinary system by birth
- Urinary bladder cancer or one in any nearby organ which has grown to spread in the bladder
- Neurological disorders in the urinary system
- Injuries to the bladder
In case complete bladder is removed, the urinary tract would be reconstructed for the urine exit from the body. This may be done through any of these procedures: Urostomy, Cutaneous continent urinary diversion, and Orthotopic continent urinary diversion.
The type of reconstruction you would undergo depends on your medical conditions and general health.
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