Open Heart or Bypass Surgery – Over the years, medical science has made the heart surgery techniques safer enhancing benefits and reducing risks. So is for the open heart surgery technique. Although now more advanced surgical techniques that are minimally invasive, such as endoscopy or robot assisted surgery methods to treat various heart diseases are preferred by the surgeons but some operations can only by performed in an open heart.
In this article, we will look at the following:
- Understanding Open Heart Surgery
- Types of open heart surgery- On-pump and Off-pump
- Heart conditions treated through open heart surgical method
- Risks of Heart Bypass Surgery
- Recovery after Bypass Surgery
- Lifestyle after open heart surgery
- Top cardiac surgeons in India
- Top hospitals for open heart surgery in different cities of India
What is Open Heart Surgery?
Open heart surgery is a surgical procedure to treat certain types of heart diseases. As the name suggests the area is cut opened to expose the heart and perform the surgery. The term is often used for ‘Heart Bypass Surgery’ as the ‘open and cut’ method is used to conduct coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG).
Also known as traditional heart surgery, open heart is done by making five to eight inches surgical cut in the chest wall through the patient’s breastbone or sternum. The whole procedure is performed under general anesthesia.
Types of Open Heart Surgery:
On-pump open heart surgery
Once the heart is exposed through the cut on chest the patient is put on heart-lung bypass machine. The machine does the function of heart to pump blood to other organs of the body while the surgeons operate on the heart that is now not beating and has no blood flowing through it. The method can be used to perform coronary artery bypass and heart transplants etc.
Off-pump or beating open heart surgery
Unlike on-pump, during off-pump surgery heart-lung machine is not used. In this the surgeon slows down the heartbeat of the patient with a medication and then operates on a beating heart. The method is mostly limited to Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG).
Heart conditions treated through open heart surgical method
- Repair or replace heart valves
- Heart defects by birth
- Coronary artery disease
- Heart transplant
Risks of open heart surgery
Open heart bypass surgery is a common surgical procedure. The risks involved with the surgery are same as with any other surgery like bleeding, infection or stroke etc., which are well care taken by the surgeons. It is important to note that the risks increase for elderly patients, diabetics, and those with weak heart muscles.
Recovery after Open Heart Surgery
The recovery after open heart surgery is gradual. For the first two months after the surgery, you will be strictly advised by your cardiologist about precautions to be taken, dietary changes, and light activities that could be done. You are required to strictly follow the medications and instructions prescribed.
After about two months your doctor may allow you to get back to work gradually depending upon your medical condition. There will be regular follow-up visits to the doctor for the first few months.
Recommended lifestyle changes after Bypass Heart Surgery for quick recovery and greater benefits:
- Eat healthy nutrient-rich diet
- Low intake of foods high in fat, sugar, and salt
- Control high blood pressure and cholesterol level
- Moderate exercises
- Stop smoking and taking alcohol
- Maintain active lifestyle
Cardiac Surgeons conducting Heart Bypass Surgery in India
Open heart surgeries are sophisticated state-of-the-art procedures which need high level of expertise and experience. Every year, India alone conducts over a lakh heart bypass surgeries. Thus the experience Indian cardiac surgeons bring with them is unmatched. They have the expertise in dealing with all sorts of complicated cases.
Here you will find some of the top open heart surgeons like Dr. Naresh Trehan, Dr. Vivek Jawali, Dr. Zainulabedin Hamdulay, Dr. Hasmukh Ravat, Dr. Mani Sivasubramanian, Dr. Ramakant Panda, Dr. Surinder Bazaz, Dr. Adil Sadiq, Dr. Gilbert Joseph, Dr. Vijit Cherian, Dr. Devi Shetty, and Dr. Suresh Rao.
How to decide which hospital is best for me for Open heart surgery?
There are over 500 cardiology hospitals in different Indian cities that conduct advanced cardio surgeries like open heart and minimally invasive heart bypass. Although India has best of medical facilities for heart care surgeries, it is still not easy for a heart patient to decide which hospital is best for him or her to undergo a certain heart surgery. There are several questions, anxieties, and fear about the surgery.
If you or your loved one is also advised open heart surgery, you will have to look into many factors like highly trained surgeons, availability of latest technology, expertise in patient care, and good infrastructure for choosing the right hospital.
To name some of the good open heart surgery private hospitals in India are Medanta – The Medicity Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, SL Raheja Hospital, Continental Hospital, Sri Ramakrishna Hospital Coimbatore, Narayana Hrudayalaya Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, MIOT Institute of Cardiac Care, B.M Birla Heart Research Centre, and Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of cardiac sciences.
You should also note that some surgeons have special expertise in handling particular kind of procedure such as minimally invasive surgeries or open heart. Also, if you are having other complications you may need a specific surgeon who can better handle your case.
Open Heart Surgery Hospitals in Delhi NCR
Delhi NCR has over 30 heart specialty hospitals, which have proven record of good heart patient care and world-class facilities. In open heart surgery, some of the trusted hospitals in Delhi NCR are Fortis Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre, Medanta – The Medicity (Gurgaon), Artemis Hospital, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, Paras Hospital, Jaypee Hospital, Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, Apollo Cardiac Centre, Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Jaypee Hospital, and Metro Hospital and Heart Institute (Noida).
Here you will find some of the top surgeons like Dr. Naresh Trehan, Dr. Surinder Bazaz, Dr. Vijay Kohli, Dr. S.K. Sinha, Dr. Sandeep Attawar, Dr. Praveer Aggarwal, Dr. Subhash Chandra, Dr. Rajneesh Malhotra, Dr. Ashok Seth, Dr. Ramesh Kumar Bapna, Dr. Z.S. Meharwal, Dr. Veena Kaul Aima, Dr. Suhail Naseem Bukhari etc., who are expert in their fields of surgery and are known names in the city.
Open Heart Surgery Hospitals in Mumbai
Mumbai has over 41 cardiology hospitals with world-class facilities and good cardiac care that witness high volume of patients. Some of the trusted hospitals in Mumbai performing all kinds of surgeries are Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Wockhardt Hospital, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Dr. L H Hiranandani Hospital, SL Raheja Hospital, Asian Heart Institute, Sir H. N. Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Centre (RFH), Jaslok Hospital, and Seven Hills Heart Hospital.
To name some Dr. Ramakant Panda, Dr. Sudhansu Bhattacharya, Dr. Anvay Mulay, Dr. Kamales Kumar Saha, Dr. Ajay Chaughule, Dr. Hemant Pathare, Dr. V Satyaprasad, Dr. Nandkishore Kapadia, Dr. Aliasgar Behranwala, Dr. Zainulabedin Hamdulay, Dr. Suresh Rao, Dr. Vidyadhar S Lad, Dr. Suresh Joshi, Dr. Sunil Vanzara, Dr. Satish Javali, and Dr. Smruti Ranjan Mohanty etc., are the respected cardiology surgeons in Mumbai.
Open heart surgery hospitals in Chennai
Chennai has over 25 cardiology hospitals offering all types of heart surgeries like open heart, angioplasty. Some of the trusted names in the city are SIMS Hospital, Apollo Hospitals, Fortis Malar, Frontier Lifeline Hospital (Dr. K.M. Cherian Heart Foundation), Oxymed Hospital, and MIOT Institute of Cardiac Care.
Dr. Mani Sivasubramanian, Dr. Vijit Cherian, Dr. S. Sivasubramanian, Dr. Sunder T, Dr. Naresh Kumar Palli Venkata, Dr. Thiagarajamurthy Sundaramoorthi, Dr. K.R. Balakrishnan, Dr. S.K. Chowdhury, Dr. Dilip K Mishra, Dr. Rajan Santhosham, Dr. M.R. Girinath, Dr. Paul Ravindran Ponraj, and Dr. Arun Visvarajan etc., and many others are well-known heart surgeons in Chennai.
Open heart surgery hospitals in Bangalore
There are over 20 world-class cardiology hospitals in Bangalore. Some of the best cardio hospitals here are Narayana Hrudayalaya Hospital, BGS Global Hospital, M.S. Ramaiah Narayana Heart Centre, Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospital, The Bangalore Hospital, Sakra World Hospital, Manipal Heart Foundation, Jayadeva Hospital, and Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Medical Sciences.
Dr. Adil Sadiq, Dr. Devi Shetty, Dr. Gilbert Joseph, Dr. Tameem Ahmed, Dr. Chandrashekar Guruvegowda, Dr. Murali Manohar, Dr. Vivek Jawali, Dr. Sathyaki Purushotam Nambala, Dr. Murali Manohar, Dr. Ganesh Nayak, and Dr. Raghavendra Chikkatur etc., are among the famous heart surgeons in the city known for their surgery skills.
Open heart surgery hospitals in Kolkata
Kolkata has over 30 heart specialty hospitals. Some of its top heart hospitals are Fortis Anandapur, Desun Hospital and Heart Institute, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Narayana Multispecialty Hospital, Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences, B.M Birla Heart Research Centre, and Medica Super Speciality Hospital.
Dr. Suvro Banerjee, Dr. Tapas Raychaudhury, Dr. Kunal Sarkar, Dr. Arup Kumar Ghosh, Dr. Niranjan Kumar, Dr. Lalit Kapoor, Dr. Shuvan Ray, Dr. Suvro Banerjee, Dr. K.M. Mandana, Dr. Amar Nath Ghosh, Dr. Sarajit Kumar Das, Dr. Kunal Sarkar, Dr. Manoj Kumar Daga, Dr. Ratan Das etc., are respected names in cardiology surgery in Kolkata.
How can MedGurus guide me to the best open heart surgery hospital?
Based on our multilevel research on cardiac surgeries such as bypass and best cardio surgeons in India, we see Indian hospitals as a reliable and appropriate location for all types of heart surgeries not just for people living in the country but foreign nationals. So If you been advised a bypass surgery or open heart by your cardiologist, you need not worry as you will be in safe hands at the best of hospitals in the country.
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