Oral Cancer Treatment in India
In this article, we will look at the following:
- Understanding oral cancer
- Identifying the symptoms
- How to detect oral cancer
- Mouth cancer stages and treatment
- Top Hospitals treating mouth cancer in India
- Top Hospitals treating oral cancer in Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Gurgaon, Kolkata
- Cost of oral cancer treatment
Oral or mouth cancer is a type of head and neck cancer which every year affects over millions of people around the world, especially in the Indian subcontinent. About 40% of cancer cases in men are that of oral cancer and this is in spite of being one of the preventable cancer types. Often diagnosed in its later stages when cancer has spread widely, makes its treatment painful. Early diagnosis helps achieve best treatment results. It is essential to know your disease, be more informed and cautious while taking oral cancer treatment.
What is oral cancer?
Oral or mouth cancer also known as oropharyngeal cancer is the abnormal growth of tissue in the oral cavity. It can occur in any part of mouth (lips, gums, tongue, lining of cheeks, roof and floor of mouth), throat, salivary glands, voice box, sinuses and nose.
What are the causes of oral cancer?
Tobacco intake in any form, smoking, or alcohol puts you 50 times at greater risk of developing cancer in your mouth spreading to cheeks, gums, and lips. Although non-smokers too develop the disease but they are six times at lesser risk. Men have twice the greater chances of having oral cancer than women. The other reasons could be a family history of cancer, excessive sun exposure, Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection.
What are symptoms of oral cancer?
- Sore in face, neck, or mouth that doesn’t heal
- Chronic hoarseness
- Change in voice
- Ear pain
- Lump, swelling or thickening in mouth, neck, or face
- A white or reddish patch in mouth
- Loose teeth
- Pain or stiffness in tongue or jaw
- Difficulty and pain in chewing or swallowing
- Unexplained bleeding in mouth
- Unexplained numbness, pain, tenderness in any part of face, mouth, or neck
- Change in the way your dentures fit together
- Unexplained weight loss
How to diagnose oral cancer?
It is always advisable to go for annual screening for oral cancers. While if you notice any kind of above mentioned changes in your mouth or neck, immediately contact your doctor or dentist for examination. The doctor would first do the physical examination of mouth, throat and neck, and then recommend some tests to diagnose or rule out the possibility of cancer. Diagnostic tests for oral cancer are:
- Oral brush biopsy of suspicious tissue in mouth
- Scalpel biopsy
- Barium swallow
- CT scan, MRI
Stages of oral cancer
There are four stages of oral cancer. The stage of the cancer describes the intensity and its spread. The doctors treatment plan is mainly based on its stage and then the other medical factors.
- Stage I (less than 2 cm in size, not spread to lymph nodes)
- Stage II (about 4 cm, yet not spread to surrounding lymph nodes)
- Stage III (about 4 cm, spread to only one lymph node)
- Stage IV (spread around the lip and oral cavity tissues and other parts of the body)
Treatment of oral cancer
Oral cancer can be treated through surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, biological or targeted therapy.
Surgery for mouth cancer
Surgery is done in cases of advanced stage mouth cancer or recurrent cancers. The surgical procedure depends on the area or part from where the tumors have to be removed, such as Mandible (jawbone) Resection for tumor in jaws while Mohs Micrographic surgery done when on lips.
Surgery is often followed by radiation, chemotherapy or targeted therapy. In cases of later stage oral cancer surgery, reconstruction of facial/dental parts, oral cavity or adjunctive therapy (to assist in speech, chewing of foods etc.) are also required.
It can be given both before and after the surgery depending on your medical case. Chemotherapy is actually the different doses of drugs (via pills, injections, or IV solutions) administered into the patient to kill the cancer cells and also to prevent further relapse.
It is done often after the mouth cancer surgery to kill cancer cells that may be left after surgery. Radiation therapy is also used along with chemotherapy when treating cancer without surgery.
Biological therapy is done to control or destroy cancer cells.
Which hospital in India is best for oral cancer treatment?
India also has the best of cancer hospitals, trained and experienced oncologists, and advanced treatment facilities for all types of cancer patients. You do not need to look at western countries for its treatment. Today the country has about 200 cancer hospitals which provide highly specialized and personalized treatment for oral cancer. They conduct all types of procedures like oral cancer surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, etc., required during cancer treatment.
Private hospitals like Medanta- The Medicity, Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Jaypee Hospital, Artemis Hospital, Continental Hospital, Sri Ramakrishna Hospital Coimbatore, Kokilaben Hospital, Adyar Cancer Hospital, Regional Cancer Centre (RCC), Jaslok Hospital, Kidwai Institute of Oncology are some of the renowned oropharyngeal cancer hospitals of the country where patients from around the world come to get treated for the disease.
While selecting the right oral cancer hospital, you will have to look into several factors like highly experienced oncologist, availability of latest technology, expertise in cancer patient care, palliative care, and good infrastructure.
Cost of your oral cancer treatment
Cost of cancer treatment varies with hospitals and cities as every hospital has its own infrastructure, surgeon, therapies, and other tests/examination facilities charges which finally add up to the total oral cancer treatment cost.
One cycle of chemotherapy in a well-known big hospital may cost you approximately between US$930-US$15,000 depending on the drugs and the doses, type of cancer and patient’s medical condition.
For detailed cost information read: Cost of cancer treatment in India
Now, let’s take a quick look at some of the good hospitals for cancer treatment in major cities of India.
Oral cancer hospitals in Delhi NCR
Delhi NCR has about 45 reputed oncology hospitals offering all kinds oral cancer treatments. Some of the famous cancer hospitals of the city are BLK Super Specialty Hospital, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, Jaypee Hospital, Artemis Hospital, Medanta – The Medicity, Paras Hospital, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital (IRCH), Dharamshila Hospital and Research Centre, Action Cancer Hospital, Delhi State Cancer Institute, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, and Batra Hospital.
Oral cancer hospitals in Mumbai
There are about 30 cancer hospitals in Mumbai offering oral cancer treatment. Kokilaben Hospital, Dr. L H Hiranandani Hospital, Global Hospital, Wockhardt Hospital, Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Nanavati Hospital, Lilavati Hospital, S L Raheja Hospital, Seven Hills Hospital, Guru Nanak Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, PD Hinduja National Hospital, and Breach Candy Hospital are some of the well-known reputed hospitals in the city.
Oral cancer hospitals in Kolkata
Kolkata has about 15 oncology hospitals providing world-class facilities and specialized cancer treatment such as Fortis Hospital, Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Cancer Research Institute, Desun Hospital, Cancer Centre Welfare Home and Research Institute, Tata Medical Center, and Charnock Hospital.
Oral cancer hospitals in Bangalore
There are over 25 oncology hospitals in Bangalore such as Fortis Hospital, BGS Global Hospital, Mazumdar Shaw Medical Centre, Apollo Specialty Hospital, The Bangalore Hospital, Manipal Hospital, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, HCG Cancer Centre, known for treating and curing cancer patients.
Oral cancer hospitals in Chennai
Chennai has over 24 good cancer specialty hospitals like Bharathiraja Speciality Hospital and Research Centre, Apollo Speciality Cancer Hospital, SIMS Hospitals, Fortis Malar Hospital, Global Hospital, Dr. Kamakshi Memorial Hospital, Chennai Meenakshi Multispeciality Hospital, Vijaya Hospital, Adyar Cancer Institute, and MIOT International, etc.
How can MedGurus guide me to the best oral cancer hospital?
We see Indian hospitals as a reliable and appropriate location for all types of cancer treatments not just for people living in the country but foreign nationals. So if you or your loved one is diagnosed oral cancer, you need not worry as you will be in safe hands at the best of hospitals in the country.
MedGurus, an initiative by Global Medi Advisors is happy to advise you for high quality and affordable cancer cure in any part of India and make your job (of selecting oral cancer hospital and best cancer specialist in India) simpler.