Ovarian Cancer Treatment – With improving and better treatment options for ovarian cancer the survival and success stories are increasing. If diagnosed early, ovarian cancer surgery can bring best results. But there is a prevalent lack of knowledge among women towards the disease that leads to many undetected or late detected cases, when they become difficult to treat. Thus, all women at risk should go for regular screening.
The risk of developing ovarian cancer grows with age. Generally women between the age group of 35-65 years are at risk moreover if they have never had children, began ovulation at a younger age, or reached menopause at an older age. Other factors that put them at high risk are hormone therapy after menopause, fertility medicines, and obesity while hormonal birth control, tubal ligation, and breast feeding decrease risk of ovarian cancer in women.
To fight ovarian cancer it is important to be more aware about the disease and take well-informed treatment decisions.
In this article, we will look at the following:
- What is Ovarian Cancer
- Causes of Ovarian cancer & identifying the symptoms
- Ovarian cancer stages & treatment
- Recovery after ovarian cancer Surgery
- Ovarian cancer Surgery in India
- Cost of Ovarian cancer Surgery in India
- Top Hospitals in different cities treating ovarian cancer – Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Gurgaon, Kolkata
What is Ovarian Cancer?
Ovarian cancer is the abnormal growth of different types of cells found in ovaries. Ovaries are the female reproductive organs that produce eggs, and hormones – estrogen and progesterone.
They are three types of ovarian cancer based on kind of cells from where tumors (abnormal growth of cells) start:
Epithelial tumors: They are the most common type of ovarian cancer. They are the tumors that arise from the epithelial cells that line the outer surface of the ovary. They may spread to the surface of ovary, fallopian tube, and the lining inside the abdomen.
Germ cell tumor: A malignant cancer formed in the germ cells or eggs of the ovary.
Stromal tumor: It is a rare type of ovarian cancer that starts in the cells which release hormones and connect different structures of the ovaries.
Why did I get ovarian cancer?
Any of the below could be the cause of ovarian cancer:
- Family history of ovarian, breast, or colon cancer
- Inherited gene mutations (including the BRCA1 & BRCA2 mutations)
- Age (generally after menopause)
- Using hormone therapy
Symptoms of ovarian cancer
Like other types of cancers, ovarian cancers are often left undiagnosed or late diagnosed as there are no specific visible symptoms for it. For high risk women it is recommended to undergo regular screening for the disease early detection. The screening methods used are – ultrasound of the ovaries and blood tests to measure levels of a protein called CA-125 in the blood.
However, if you experience the below signs, do not ignore:
- Pelvic pain
- Abdominal bloating or a feeling of pressure
- Frequent urination
- Feeling of full quickly when eating
Diagnostic Tests of Ovarian Cancer
- CT scan, MRI
Ovarian Cancer Treatment Stages
In simple terms cancer stage demonstrates the extent to which it has spread in the body. There are four stages of ovarian cancer:
- Stage I (limited to ovaries)
- Stage II (spread to the uterus or other pelvic organs)
- Stage III (spread to lymph nodes or lining tissues of the abdomen)
- Stage IV (spread to distant organs like liver or lungs)
Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India
Your oncologist decides best what kind of treatment approach is necessary depending on your specific medical case including type of ovarian cancer, its stage and other medical conditions. Usually any of the below cancer treatment methods or the combination of all are used to treat ovarian cancer patients.
Ovarian Cancer Surgery
Surgery is done to remove the tumor. Your surgical oncologist may also decide to remove the uterus and surrounding tissues depending on the extent of spread of the disease.
It can be given after the surgery depending on your medical case. Chemotherapy is actually the different doses of drugs (via pills, injections, or IV solutions) administered into the patient to kill the cancer cells and also to prevent further relapse after the surgery.
New targeted therapy for ovarian cancer treatment uses drugs that attack only cancer cells doing the least harm to the nearby normal cells.
Hormone therapy involves the use of hormones or hormone-blocking drugs to fight cancer cells. It is often used to treat stromal tumors in ovary.
Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill cancer cells.
Recovery after Ovarian Cancer Treatment
Recovery is a gradual and slow process. The duration differs with each patient. Still it would take about three months to recover after a surgery and get back to normal but light work. You may undergo both mental and physical stress after the treatment. Follow your doctor’s advice to the letter. In case both ovaries removed in the surgery, you may have early menopause. A prolonged feeling of weakness and fatigue may be experienced. If you notice any changes, problems or have any questions share with your doctor.
For better recovery be positive towards life and follow a healthy lifestyle that includes balanced diet, healthy body weight, moderate physical activity, and quit smoking and alcohol. Regular follow-up is important after the treatment.
Which hospitals are best for Ovarian Cancer Treatment?
If you are looking at ovarian cancer treatment in India, the country has the best of cancer hospitals, trained and experienced oncologists, and advanced treatment facilities for all types of cancer patients. You do not need to look at western countries for its treatment. Today India has about 200 cancer hospitals which provide highly specialized and personalized treatment for ovarian cancer. They conduct all types of procedures like ovarian cancer surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, etc.
Private hospitals like Jaypee Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Artemis Hospital, Kokilaben Hospital, Narayana Multispecialty Hospital, SIMS Hospital, Global Hospital, Continental Hospital, Sri Ramakrishna Hospital Coimbatore, Adyar Cancer Hospital, Regional Cancer Centre (RCC), Jaslok Hospital and Kidwai Institute of Oncology are some of the renowned ovarian cancer hospitals of the country which witness patients from around the world.
While selecting the right ovarian cancer hospital, you will have to look into several factors like highly experienced oncologist, availability of latest technology, expertise in cancer patient care, and good infrastructure.
Cost of Ovarian Cancer Treatment in India
Cancer medicines and procedures like chemotherapy are expensive and most of us are not in a position to take that financial challenge, especially if there is no insurance cover. Cost of cancer treatment varies with hospitals and cities as every hospital has its own infrastructure, surgeon, therapies, and other tests/examination facilities charges which finally add to the total ovarian cancer treatment cost.
One cycle of chemotherapy in a private hospital may cost you approximately between US$930-US$15,000 depending on the drugs and the doses, type of cancer and patient’s medical condition.
Check for Detailed Cancer Surgery Cost:
Ovarian Cancer Hospitals in Delhi NCR
Delhi NCR has about 40 reputed oncology hospitals offering all kinds ovarian cancer treatments. Some of the famous cancer hospitals of the city are BLK Super Specialty Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Artemis Hospital, Medanta – The Medicity, Fortis Memorial Research Institute (FMRI), Paras Hospital, Jaypee Hospital, Max Super Specialty Hospital, Institute Rotary Cancer Hospital (IRCH), Dharamshila Hospital and Research Centre, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Action Cancer Hospital, Delhi State Cancer Institute, Cancer Healer Center, and Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Hospital.
Ovarian Cancer Hospitals in Mumbai
There are about 30 cancer hospitals in Mumbai offering ovarian cancer treatment. Global Hospital, Dr. L H Hiranandani Hospital, Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Wockhardt Hospital, S L Raheja Hospital, Seven Hills Hospital, Kokilaben Hospital, Nanavati Hospital, Lilavati Hospital, PD Hinduja National Hospital, Jaslok Hospital, Guru Nanak Hospital, and Breach Candy Hospital are some of the well-known reputed hospitals in the city.
Ovarian Cancer Hospitals in Kolkata
Kolkata has about 15 oncology hospitals providing world-class facilities and specialized cancer treatment such as Fortis Hospital, Narayana Multispeciality Hospital, Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Cancer Research Institute, Tata Medical Center, Desun Hospital, Cancer Centre Welfare Home and Research Institute, and Charnock Hospital.
Ovarian Cancer Hospitals in Bangalore
There are over 25 oncology hospitals in Bangalore such as BGS Global Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Apollo Hospital, Mazumdar Shaw Medical Centre, Apollo Specialty Hospital, HCG Cancer Centre, Manipal Hospital, Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, and known for treating and curing cancer patients.
Ovarian Cancer Hospitals in Chennai
Chennai has over 24 good cancer specialty hospitals like Apollo Specialty Cancer Hospital, Fortis Malar Hospital, Bharathiraja Speciality Hospital and Research Centre, SIMS Hospitals, MIOT International, Chennai Meenakshi Multispeciality Hospital, Dr. Kamakshi Memorial Hospital, Vijaya Hospital, and Adyar Cancer Institute etc.
How can MedGurus guide me to the best ovarian cancer hospital?
We see Indian hospitals as a reliable and appropriate location for all types of cancer treatments not just for people living in the country but foreign nationals. So if you or your loved one is diagnosed ovarian cancer, you need not worry as you will be in safe hands at the best of hospitals in the country.
MedGurus, an initiative by Global Medi Advisors is happy to advise you for high quality and affordable cancer cure in any part of India and make your job (of selecting Ovarian Cancer hospital and best cancer specialist in India) simpler.
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