Category Archives: Medical Procedures

4 years ago Medical Procedures

Tummy Tuck Surgery – All you need to know

Tummy Tuck Surgery

Tummy tuck is one of the most sought after cosmetic surgery to obtained well-toned flat tummy and get rid of excess fat and loose skin that you may have had due to age, pregnancy, or weight gain etc. More and more body conscious women and men today undergo this surgical procedure for perfect body contouring. Also known as abdominoplasty, the surgery tightens the middle and lower abdomen area to give you a toned firm figure. It is an option for those of you who fail to get that flat fat-free tummy even through exercises or strict diet regime.

Remember, tummy tuck surgery is not a weight-loss procedure and it also won’t get rid you of stretch marks.

Many bariatric surgery patients, who have lost significant weight, also opt for tummy tuck surgery to be free from sagging loose skin.

Tummy tuck or Liposuction for flat stomach?

Abdominoplasty is often confused with liposuction as being the same kind of procedure. Though both are done to remove extra fat from the body, the difference lies in the type of body area where these surgeries can be performed.

Liposuction is used to remove extra fat from those areas which have already tight skin like hips, back and flanks while tummy tuck is performed on areas with loose sagging skin that has lost elasticity like that of stomach. Thus, abdominoplasty not just removes fat but also the extra loose skin, and tightens up the weak muscles.

Who can undergo tummy tuck?

  • Physically healthy with a stable weight
  • Have fat and loose abdominal area not responding to diet and exercise
  • Non-smoker
  • Women who want to remove excess abdominal fat after pregnancy
  • Men and women no more obese but still have excess belly fat deposits or loose skin

Who CANNOT undergo tummy tuck surgery?

  • Smokers
  • Plan to get pregnant in future
  • Want to lose weight

What happens during the tummy tuck surgery?

Abdominoplasty is a surgical procedure done under general anesthesia. Two incisions will be made on your stomach – one is horizontal between the pubic hairline and belly button and the other around the navel. During the surgery, your plastic surgeon will remove excess fat deposits, remove loose skin, and tighten and repair the abdominal muscles.

The surgery is customized based on the target area and the individual patient’s requirement. The surgery duration may vary from about one to four hours depending upon the size and the amount of skin and fat to be removed.

Tummy tuck surgery scar

You will have a scar from hip bone at the top of the pubic area to the other hip bone. Before the surgery you can discuss with your surgeon about the length and placement of the scar.

For about initial three months your scars would look swelled up and reddish. It would take about a year for them to fade.

Recovery after tummy tuck

The recovery of tummy tuck surgery is gradual and may extend to over six months. You will be put on pain medications just after the surgery. A compression garment or bandage to support your abdomen would be wrapped around you till the wounds heal.

The hospital stay will be of just one day. A surgeon’s follow-up would be required after about four days of your tummy tuck surgery while sutures will be removed within 10 days of the surgery. It would take over six months for the swelling to go.

After the surgery it is essential to follow a healthy lifestyle with balanced diet and exercise to maintain healthy body weight.

When can I get back to work?

If your job is not physically demanding like lifting heavy things or doing lot of walking, you can get back to work in about three weeks. Share with your doctor about the nature of your job and the good time to get back to work.

Your tummy tuck surgery should be performed by an experienced plastic surgeon in a plastic surgery hospital with advanced facilities to ensure safe and successful results. Before you take the procedure, discuss with your plastic surgeon about the realistic expectations from the surgery.

Cost of Tummy Tuck Surgery

To get the best cost estimate for the procedure in India, please share your medical reports.

4 years ago Medical Procedures

Types of Dental Braces – Pros & Cons

Do you hide your smile or think twice before laughing at social gatherings? Are you very conscious of your facial appearance due to the structure of your teeth? Dental braces can be a solution. Dental braces are both cosmetic and structural. Today there are different types of dental braces used by the dentists to correct the orthodontic problems.

Let’s check out the four types of dental braces available and how they can benefit you:

1.     Traditional Metal braces: They are the most commonly used standard metal brackets that stick to your teeth connected by a thin wire.

metal dental bracesPros

  • Smaller, sleeker, and no more noticeable as before
  • Gradually straighten teeth and align jaw
  • Heat-activated archwires help teeth move quickly
  • Less painful than before
  • Need periodic tightening
  • Least expensive in all types


  • Most noticeable type of braces

2. Ceramic Braces: Also called clear braces, ceramic braces are of same size and shape as traditional metal braces.

ceramic dental bracesPros

  • Less visible as they are matched with the color of your teeth or use clear brackets
  • Teeth move faster than Invisalign (the clear plastic aligners)


  • Expensive compared to metal braces
  • Can stain easily
  • More care required

3. Lingual Braces: Lingual brackets and wires are put inside of teeth otherwise they are same as traditional metal braces. They are custom made as per your teeth and mouth structure.

lingual dental bracesPros

  • Not visible from outside


  • Difficult to clean
  • Uncomfortable initially
  • Makes swallowing and talking little difficult
  • Take longer for regular adjustments
  • Require more dentist’s visits
  • Not for those who have small teeth or excessive bite problems
  • Most expensive

4. Invisalign: Also called Invisible braces, Invisalign clear aligners are custom-made set of clear plastic aligners fitted to your teeth. You have to wear them for about 20 hours a day. As your teeth shift, you will have to change your braces set.

invisalign dental bracesPros

  • Almost invisible
  • Easy to maintain
  • No eating restrictions
  • Removable aligners
  • Can treat many types of bite discrepancies


  • Not available for children
  • Expensive
  • Since removable, easy to lose
  • Longer treatment duration

Teeth and jaws define your facial structure. And if they are crooked, crowded, overlapping or protruding, or have incorrect jaw positions or joints, you may experience gum disease, tooth decay, headaches, earaches, biting/chewing problem or face structure issues. Such dental problems often affect your confidence. You try to avoid speaking, smiling or laughing socially. Dental braces are being successfully used to treat such teeth issues. It’s never too late to visit a right dentist and improve your oral health.

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5 years ago Medical Procedures , Newsroom

Uterus transplant a boon not without challenges

Uterus transplant a boon not without challenges

Childlessness can be the biggest trauma for couples who desire for baby/babies but are unable to have. The uterus transplant could be said a huge medical breakthrough in reproduction science and a hope to those for whom only other option is either surrogacy or adoption.

What is uterus transplant?

The uterine transplant is the surgical procedure where a healthy uterus from a donor (can be from living or deceased) is transplanted into a female who is born without uterus or whose uterus is diseased or removed due to medical reason.

The recipient woman is monitored closely for over a year. If all goes well, an embryo is implanted in the uterus using an IVF procedure. Later the delivery of the baby is done through a caesarean section. Once the uterus is no longer needed, the womb can be removed to prevent the side-effects due to intake of immunosuppressants, usually taken by organ recipients for the rest of their life.

Uterus transplants cases in the world

The world’s first womb transplant was successfully conducted in the year 2011 in Turkey from a deceased donor at Akdeniz University Hospital in Antalya on the then 21 years old Turkish woman, Derya Sert, who was born without a uterus.

Next in the year 2012, in Sweden, the first mother-to-daughter uterus transplant was done at Sahlgrenska University Hospital at Gothenburg University led by Dr. Mats Brannstrom, a Professor of gynaecology and obstetrics at the University of Gothenburg. Later in 2014, it was announced, the world’s first womb transplant baby boy, named ‘Vincent’ is born to this uterus recipient who was then a 36 years old woman. The University of Gothenburg has done nine transplants using live donors, where four of the recipients are reported to have babies.

The latest womb transplant in Feb 2016 on a 26-year-old patient at Cleveland Clinic is the first one in the U.S., where a deceased donor’s uterus was used. The transplant took nine hours of surgery. The receiver’s eggs were removed from her ovaries, fertilized, and frozen using IVF techniques. According to doctors, if the transplant is successful, she would be able to give birth to a baby through an implanted embryo in her new womb. After the woman has given birth to one or two babies, the transplanted uterus will be removed.

Benefits of uterus transplant

The procedure is a boon to women with Uterine Factor Infertility (UFI) condition, who have had a hysterectomy, fibroids or scarring, or face a rare genetic syndrome called Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) i:e., underdeveloped or absence of uterus.

Challenges of uterus transplant

Although experts believe uterus transplantation is a blessing for those who have only option of either adoption or surrogacy for parenthood. But the technique is not without its share of challenges like high cost or obtaining donor organ.

The very high cost of uterus transplant procedure, the patient care thereafter, and its logistics would be a barrier for many to go for it. The pregnancy would be through IVF technique in transplant patients, it would add up to the cost. Also since the organ donation in many countries is not organized, it will be difficult to get the right matching donor.

Uterus transplant is successful and has actually raised the hope of thousands of infertile women seeking parenthood. The efforts of scientists and the governments should combine to make the procedure accessible to all in need.

Cost of Uterus Transplant

In India uterus transplant is being done on clinical trial basis under the strict perusal of Medical Council of India. At present the cost of uterus transplant is estimated to be about US$70,000 (INR 47,85,550) in the U.S. India is deemed as comparably low cost destination for medical treatments, thus it is yet to be seen, what the uterus transplant procedure cost would be in the country.

5 years ago Medical Procedures

Ear Reshaping: Get the Facts

Otoplasty (Ear reshaping)

Otoplasty or ear reshaping surgery is a solution for correcting strangely shaped or disproportioned ears, which are by birth or due to mishap or injury. The aim of the surgery is to create a natural shape of the ear as much as possible in proportion to the face. Like other reconstructive surgeries, such as rhinoplasty (nose job), otoplasty not only improves appearance but enhances self-esteem. It is good option for those who are much bothered by the ear deformity and are socially conscious of their appearance due to it. The surgery has proved to be successful and bring effective results.

Know some facts about otoplasty:

  • Children as young as 4-5 years can undergo otoplasty
  • Done to correct conditions like protruding ears, abnormally large ear, stahl ear, shell ear, and lop ear
  • Usually done on both ears to for symmetry
  • Done under local anesthesia in adults while general anesthesia is given to children
  • Recovery time varies between 2-4 weeks
  • Otoplasty does not change your hearing ability
  • The scars after otoplasty are to likely fade over time
  • Safe and effective
  • The risks involved are same as that in any other surgical procedure like bleeding, infection, or reaction to anesthesia.
  • If the surgery results do not meet your expectations, you may require a revision surgery.

If you are planning for ear reshaping surgery, do not be carried away by the hyped advertisements. Use your wisdom and take well-informed decision. Choose an experienced, trained and accredited cosmetic surgeon who performs ear surgery in an advanced plastic surgery hospital facility. Clearly discuss with your otoplasty surgeon about your expectations from the surgery and what could be achieved.

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I want to thank GMA for being there whenever I needed sound advice for my IVF procedure. You have been always supporting and guiding. I wish you best of luck for all the good service you are doing by helping people to take well-informed decisions.