Fatty liver raises heart disease risk, related mortality

Recently, a study has found increased risk of cardiovascular disease in patients suffering with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD).

A research by Pitie-Salpetriere Hospital, Pierre and Marie Curie University found cardiovascular disease as the primary cause of death in patients suffering from Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Fatty liver and inflamed liver is an independent risk factor for buildup of fat and cholesterol in the arteries walls leading to a cardiovascular disease. This means fatty liver contributes to increasing heart disease and stroke risk.

The patients at an increased risk may not necessarily be obese, overweight, diabetic, or have hypertension. The study proves how fatty liver condition damages our blood vessels too. Thus, monitoring and screening for heart disease and metabolic complications when managing/treating non-alcoholic fatty liver ailment becomes essential.

The findings are important as it can help in timely diagnoses, prevention, and treatment of heart disease in fatty liver patients and prevent related mortality.

What is fatty liver?

Fatty liver is one of the most common lifestyle disease prevalent among the age group of 35-60 years. While it can be checked and controlled by lifestyle modifications, but when ignored a fatty liver can lead to several health complications and diseases.

Fatty liver or steatosis is accumulation of excess fat in your liver. When you have fatty liver condition, more than 5- 10 % of your liver weight is of fat. Mostly it shows no specific signs, symptoms or immediate complications. Over the period of time, buildup fat leads to liver inflammation causing symptoms like abdominal pain, weight loss, weakness, poor appetite, and abdominal pain.

Causes of fatty liver

Commonly fatty liver is linked to over drinking or alcoholism mostly leading to liver cirrhosis. But even if you do not drink at all you can still have a fatty liver disease. This is called non-alcoholic fatty liver. Conditions like obesity, or high levels of lipids/ fats in the blood, diabetes, genetic inheritance, sudden weight loss etc. may cause a fatty liver.

How to manage your fatty liver?

In recent years, there is a sharp rise in NAFLD cases, especially in those who are overweight. An unhealthy lifestyle with excess alcohol, no activity, and intake of junk food etc., is responsible for the disorder as it takes you closer to the fatty liver disease and its serious repercussions. Remember, fatty liver diseases can be prevented by little changes in your lifestyle and once diagnosed it should not ignored.

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