Heart Transplant in India

In this article, we have covered the following aspects of Heart Transplant:

  • Best Hospitals for Heart Transplant in India
  • Top Heart Transplant Specialists in India
  • Cost of Heart Transplant in India
  • Understanding Heart Transplant procedure

Best Doctors and Hospitals for Heart Transplant in India

Following is a list of the most reputed specialists in India for the treatment of Heart Transplant.
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Doctor ImageDr. NameSpecialtyHospital AssociatedContact DoctorCity
Dr. K R BalakrishnanDr. K R BalakrishnanCTVSFortis Malar Hospital Chennai
Dr. Sandeep AttawarCardiac SurgeonGlobal Hospitals Chennai
Dr. Anil Bhan Cardiac SurgeonMedanta – The MedicityGurgaon
Dr Naresh TrehanDr. Naresh Trehan Cardiac SurgeonMedanta – The MedicityGurgaon
Dr. Z S MeharwalDr. Z.S.MeharwalCardiac SurgeonFortis Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre Delhi
Dr. Murtaza A Chishti Cardiac SurgeonArtemis Hospital Gurgaon
Dr Zainulabedin Hamdulay Cardiac SurgeonGlobal HospitalsMumbai
Dr. Anvay Mulay Cardiac SurgeonFortis Hospital, Mulund Mumbai
Dr. Nandkishore KapadiaDr. Nandkishore Kapadia
Cardiac SurgeonKokilaben Dhirubai Ambani Hospital Mumbai
Dr. Bhaba Nanda DasDr. Bhaba Nanda DasCTVSIndraprastha Apollo HospitalNew Delhi
Dr. Pradheep KrishnamohanDr. Pradheep KrishnamohanCTVSCARE HospitalsHyderabad
Dr. Ali Asgar BehranwalaDr. Ali Asgar BehranwalaCTVSSir H. N. Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research CentreMumbai

Cost of Heart Transplant in India

The total cost of heart transplant comes between US $40,000-55,000 while the monthly medications (immuno-suppressants) may cost you over US $470 that continue for months. In case the air ambulance is used to bring the donor heart from one location to another, cost goes up by few thousand dollars.

Understanding Heart Transplant Procedure

A heart transplant is a surgical procedure in which a diseased heart is replaced with a healthy one obtained from brain dead donor. The heart from the donor needs to be transplanted to the patient within the four hours of its harvesting from the body of brain dead (deceased) donor. The heart transplant surgery takes over four hours to complete. The three basic steps to heart transplant procedure are:

  • Harvesting the heart from the donor
  • Removing the damaged heart from the recipient
  • Implantation of the donor heart

Candidates for Heart Transplant

If your heart is damaged or weak, cannot pump enough blood and has reached a stage in which all treatment methods such as medications, implant devices, or surgery have failed, heart transplant may be recommended by the doctors. Generally patients for heart transplant are at end-stage heart failure caused by coronary heart disease, birth defect, or damaged heart valves and muscles etc.

Criteria for Donor Heart

  • Someone who is brain dead
  • Family willingly agree to donate the heart of the brain dead person
  • Have a healthy heart, no history of heart disease
  • Cancer, hepatitis or HIV free
  • Donor’s and recipient’s blood group should match

Steps to Heart Transplant in India

  1. Pre-evaluation for heart transplant: Once your doctor decides that a new heart is the only option to recover the diseased organ, he checks if the patient is fit enough for the surgical procedure via series of advanced tests before the surgery.
  2. Register with heart transplant hospital: After a thorough investigation and confirmation by the heart failure cardiologist, the patient has to get registered at a heart transplant hospital as a candidate for transplant.
  3. Getting a donor heart: The next step is finding the right donor heart for the patient. To get a cadaveric/deceased heart donor, there would be a long wait of even a few months. The hospitals help the patient to get matching cadaveric donor or assist to connect with the organizations who work in finding the donor heart. Once the donor heart is received the hospital immediately contacts the registered patient (recipient) for preoperative evaluation via series of tests. Owing to the difficulty in finding a donor, the selection process of recipients is based on severity of their heart disease.
  4. Undergoing heart transplant surgery: In this cadaveric transplant, once the donor’s heart is matched, the medical team starts the procedure immediately after the new heart reaches the hospital. Within 4 hours of harvesting the heart from the brain dead donor, needs to be transplanted to the recipient.

Recovery Time after the Surgery

Recovery after the heart transplant is a gradual process. Post-transplant, the hospital stay could vary from 15 days to one month. After discharge the patient will take another two months  to get back to normal activities. Still you will be advised to avoid any strenuous activity that may put pressure on the new heart. To monitor the functioning of the new transplanted heart you would also regularly undergo blood tests, lung function tests, EKGs (electrocardiograms), echocardiograms, and biopsies of the heart tissue for almost a year.

You should continue taking immuno-suppressant medicines, as there is a risk of your body rejecting the new heart, if you stop taking them. Post-heart transplant you need to do constant follow-up visits to heart failure cardiologist who will also monitor and manage the side effects of medications you are taking. It is essential to follow the recommended instructions and all the precautions after the surgery as given by your doctor.

Note (for foreign patients):

Besides South Asian countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), every year, India gets thousands of medical tourists from African countries- Nigeria, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, Ghana, Somalia,Gambia etc and Middle Eastern countries like Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Oman, UAE, Yemen etc. Hence, if you are a citizen of any of these countries, there is good likelihood that you will be meeting some fellow citizens or same language speakers in the major hospitals in India. Almost all the top hospitals have translators for people of these region. Our patient support team is also well placed to assist you.

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