Heart Transplant in India
In this article, we have covered the following aspects of Heart Transplant:
- Best Hospitals for Heart Transplant in India
- Top Heart Transplant Specialists in India
- Cost of Heart Transplant in India
- Understanding Heart Transplant procedure
Best Doctors and Hospitals for Heart Transplant in India
Following is a list of the most reputed specialists in India for the treatment of Heart Transplant.
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|Doctor Image||Dr. Name||Specialty||Hospital Associated||Contact Doctor||City|
|Dr. K R Balakrishnan||CTVS||Fortis Malar Hospital||Chennai|
|Dr. Sandeep Attawar||Cardiac Surgeon||Global Hospitals||Chennai|
|Dr. Anil Bhan||Cardiac Surgeon||Medanta – The Medicity||Gurgaon|
|Dr. Naresh Trehan||Cardiac Surgeon||Medanta – The Medicity||Gurgaon|
|Dr. Z.S.Meharwal||Cardiac Surgeon||Fortis Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre||Delhi|
|Dr Zainulabedin Hamdulay||Cardiac Surgeon||Global Hospitals||Mumbai|
|Dr. Yugal K Mishra||Cardiac Surgeon||Fortis Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre||Delhi|
|Dr. Anvay Mulay||Cardiac Surgeon||Fortis Hospital, Mulund||Mumbai|
|Dr. Nandkishore Kapadia ||Cardiac Surgeon||Kokilaben Dhirubai Ambani Hospital||Mumbai|
|Dr. Bhaba Nanda Das||CTVS||Indraprastha Apollo Hospital||New Delhi|
|Dr. Pradheep Krishnamohan||CTVS||CARE Hospitals||Hyderabad|
|Dr. Rahul Chandola||CTVS||CARE Hospitals||Hyderabad|
|Dr. Ali Asgar Behranwala||CTVS||Sir H. N. Reliance Foundation Hospital and Research Centre||Mumbai|
Cost of Heart Transplant in India
The total cost of heart transplant comes between US $40,000-55,000 while the monthly medications (immuno-suppressants) may cost you over US $470 that continue for months. In case the air ambulance is used to bring the donor heart from one location to another, cost goes up by few thousand dollars.
Understanding Heart Transplant Procedure
A heart transplant is a surgical procedure in which a diseased heart is replaced with a healthy one obtained from brain dead donor. The heart from the donor needs to be transplanted to the patient within the four hours of its harvesting from the body of brain dead (deceased) donor. The heart transplant surgery takes over four hours to complete. The three basic steps to heart transplant procedure are:
- Harvesting the heart from the donor
- Removing the damaged heart from the recipient
- Implantation of the donor heart
Candidates for Heart Transplant
If your heart is damaged or weak, cannot pump enough blood and has reached a stage in which all treatment methods such as medications, implant devices, or surgery have failed, heart transplant may be recommended by the doctors. Generally patients for heart transplant are at end-stage heart failure caused by coronary heart disease, birth defect, or damaged heart valves and muscles etc.
Criteria for Donor Heart
- Someone who is brain dead
- Family willingly agree to donate the heart of the brain dead person
- Have a healthy heart, no history of heart disease
- Cancer, hepatitis or HIV free
- Donor’s and recipient’s blood group should match
Steps to Heart Transplant in India
- Pre-evaluation for heart transplant: Once your doctor decides that a new heart is the only option to recover the diseased organ, he checks if the patient is fit enough for the surgical procedure via series of advanced tests before the surgery.
- Register with heart transplant hospital: After a thorough investigation and confirmation by the heart failure cardiologist, the patient has to get registered at a heart transplant hospital as a candidate for transplant.
- Getting a donor heart: The next step is finding the right donor heart for the patient. To get a cadaveric/deceased heart donor, there would be a long wait of even a few months. The hospitals help the patient to get matching cadaveric donor or assist to connect with the organizations who work in finding the donor heart. Once the donor heart is received the hospital immediately contacts the registered patient (recipient) for preoperative evaluation via series of tests. Owing to the difficulty in finding a donor, the selection process of recipients is based on severity of their heart disease.
- Undergoing heart transplant surgery: In this cadaveric transplant, once the donor’s heart is matched, the medical team starts the procedure immediately after the new heart reaches the hospital. Within 4 hours of harvesting the heart from the brain dead donor, needs to be transplanted to the recipient.
Recovery Time after the Surgery
Recovery after the heart transplant is a gradual process. Post-transplant, the hospital stay could vary from 15 days to one month. After discharge the patient will take another two months to get back to normal activities. Still you will be advised to avoid any strenuous activity that may put pressure on the new heart. To monitor the functioning of the new transplanted heart you would also regularly undergo blood tests, lung function tests, EKGs (electrocardiograms), echocardiograms, and biopsies of the heart tissue for almost a year.
You should continue taking immuno-suppressant medicines, as there is a risk of your body rejecting the new heart, if you stop taking them. Post-heart transplant you need to do constant follow-up visits to heart failure cardiologist who will also monitor and manage the side effects of medications you are taking. It is essential to follow the recommended instructions and all the precautions after the surgery as given by your doctor.
Note (for foreign patients):
Besides South Asian countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), every year, India gets thousands of medical tourists from African countries- Nigeria, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, Ghana, Somalia,Gambia etc and Middle Eastern countries like Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Oman, UAE, Yemen etc. Hence, if you are a citizen of any of these countries, there is good likelihood that you will be meeting some fellow citizens or same language speakers in the major hospitals in India. Almost all the top hospitals have translators for people of these region. Our patient support team is also well placed to assist you.