Kidney Donation in India: All you need to know
When a kidney failure cannot be fixed through medications and you are dependent only on dialysis for survival, kidney transplant is the only solution. A successful kidney transplant from a donor is a life changing surgery. But there is still prevailing unawareness about the kidney donation in India. Here we will understand the types of kidney donors and how they can be availed in India.
Let’s know who are eligible to donate and receive donor kidney in first place.
Who can receive a donor’s kidney?
- Below 60 years of age
- No history of cancer
- Free from hepatitis, cardiac disease, active auto-immune disease (SLE), urinary reflux or bladder problems, or any kind of infections
- No mental illness
Who all can donate kidney?
- Should donate kidney on his/her free will
- Age above 18 to 55 years
- Kidney donor should have same blood group as patient or O group
- Medically and psychologically fit and healthy for surgery
- Do not have kidney related illness
- Free from cancer, HIV, diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiac problems or any other infection
Types of kidney transplant donor
- Living donor kidney transplant
- Deceased donor (cadaveric) kidney transplant
Living kidney transplant donor
As per Indian law, living donor kidneys can be received from immediate family only (parents, siblings, children, spouse, grandparent, grandchild).
Unrelated living donor
Also called Emotionally Related Living Kidney Donors (ERLKD), he/she is the one who is willingly ready to donate one of his healthy kidney out help or some emotional attachment. He/she can be a friend, neighbor, in-laws or acquaintance. Such biologically unrelated donors are rigorously evaluated before they can donate their kidney.
At present, unrelated living donors in India can donate organs only if the authorization committee established by the state gives approval. The legal and medical formalities may take over months to get permission. A single-window clearance system for emotionally related living kidney donors is still awaited in India.
Deceased (Cadaver) Kidney Transplant in India
In this the kidney donor is a brain-dead person. They are generally who die from accidents, heart attacks, strokes, and their family give consent for organ donation. If you need a deceased donor, you should register in a kidney transplant hospital wherein you will be put on waiting list till you get a matching donor.
Cadaveric kidneys are not easily available due to vast gap in demand and availability. There is a long waiting time may be up to few months to years. The priority recipient is decided on the basis of the severity of the disease, age of the recipient and also first-come first served.
For more guidance on this, please feel free to contact us.
Can kidney be sold in India?
According to the Transplantation of Human Organs Act, it is illegal to buy or sell human organs including kidney and tissues in India and the act is subject to fine and imprisonment.
Who pays the kidney donation costs in India?
The donor or the family of the kidney donor is not responsible for any expenses related to organ donation. The cost of donor medical expenses, retrieval of kidney, transportation and preservation of kidney, is borne either by the recipient, institution, government or non-government organization as decided by respective state or union territory.