Lung Cancer Treatment in India
In this article, we have covered the following aspects of Lung Cancer treatment:
- Best hospitals in India for the treatment of Lung Cancer
- Best Oncologists in India specializing in management of Lung Cancer
- Cost of Lung Cancer treatment in India
- Understanding Lung Cancer
Best Doctors and Hospitals for the treatment of Lung Cancer
Following is a list of the most reputed specialists in India for the treatment of Lung Cancer.
Please click the ‘contact doctor‘ button on the right side for seeking opinion or requesting an appointment with your chosen specialist.
(*On mobile device, please click the ‘+’ symbol on the left to access the contact form)
|Doctor Image||Dr. Name||Specialty||Hospital Associated||Contact Doctor||City|
|Dr. Vinod Raina||Medical Oncologist||Fortis Memorial Research Institute||Gurgaon|
|Dr. Niti Raizada Narang||Medical Oncologist||Fortis Hospital||Bangalore|
|Dr. Ashok Kumar Vaid||Medical Oncologist||Medanta - The Medicity||Gurgaon|
|Dr. Rakesh Chopra||Medical Oncologist||Artemis Hospital||Gurgaon|
|Dr Rajasundaram||Medical Oncologist||Global Hospitals||Chennai|
|Dr Bellarmine Vincent Lawrence||Medical Oncologist||Global Hospitals||Chennai|
|Dr. Amit Agarwal||Medical Oncologist||BLK Super Specialty Hospital||Delhi|
|Dr. Boman Nariman Dhabhar||Medical Oncologist||Wockhardt Hospitals||Mumbai|
Cost of Lung Cancer Treatment in India
Every case of cancer is different, and doctors make different protocol after proper evaluation of the case. Nevertheless, the following headers will help you understand the cost components you are most likely going to incur for Lung Cancer treatment in India.
- Preliminary Blood Examinations & Imaging
- FNAC, Biopsy, PET CT scan:
- Surgery (if required)
- Radiation therapy (if required):
Like most cases of cancer treatment, Lung Cancer is also normally treated under Out-Patient-Department (OPD) where the patient need not get admitted into the hospitals unless when required (like chemo, radiation, surgery etc). Thus, patient will be staying in a hotel or guest house close to the hospital (we will help you find an affordable and comfortable place) and will be visiting the hospital during the day for the procedure. Thus, you have to add the accommodation cost of roughly $40-60 per day (depending on the standard you want). A monthly accommodation would be between $800-1200.
It should be noted however, that if patient’s physical condition is weak, the hospital will recommend admitting the patient in hospital in In-Patient Department (IPD). In such case, the hospital rental etc will add up. That may be some $4500-8000 per day depending on the category of bed/room you take and the kind of care they need to take while patient is admitted.
Understanding Lung Cancer
Few key facts about Lung Cancer:
- It is malignant tumor in which there is abnormal proliferation of lung tissue
- Lung cancer is second only to that of prostate cancer in men and breast cancer in women
- Worldwide Lung cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer.
- It is more common in men than in women
- In females lung cancer incidence rates are similar among African-American and white but in males the incidence is 40-45% higher in African-American then whites
- Lung cancer is highly lethal (unfortunately). Most lung carcinomas are diagnosed at an advanced stage, conferring a poor prognosis
Causes of Lung Cancer
Following are the major causes of lung cancer:
- Smoking (reason why you see all those warnings on cigarette packs!)
- Asbestos exposure
- Radon exposure
- Halogen ether exposure
- Chronic interstitial pneumonitis
- Inorganic arsenic exposure
- Radioisotope exposure, ionizing radiation
- Atmospheric pollution
- Chromium, nickel exposure
- Vinyl chloride exposure
Types of Lung Cancer
Two main types of lung cancer are
1) Non small cell lung cancer(NSCLC)
2) Small cell lung cancer(SCLC)
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC)
Also known as oat cell carcinoma
Aggressive subtype, it is neuroendocrine tumor that exhibits rapid growth, early metastasis, exquisite sensitivity to chemotherapy and radiation.
Predominant cause is smoking, increased frequency is also found in uranium miners
Poor prognosis indicators include following:
- Relapsed disease
- Weight loss of greater than 10% of baseline body weight
- Poor performance status
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
It accounts for approximately 85% of all lung cancers.
Types of NSCLC:-
1) Adenocarcinoma: 35-40%
2) Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC): 25-30%
3) Large cell carcinoma: 10-15%
Insidious in onset, it present with no symptoms until the disease is well advanced.
The most common signs and symptoms are as follows:
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Blood in cough
- Hoarseness of voice
- Recurring infections (bronchitis and pneumonia)
- Weight loss and loss of appetite
Metastatic disease signs and symptoms may include:
- Bone pain
- Spinal cord impingement
- Neurologic problems (headache, weakness or numbness of limbs, dizziness, and seizures)
Diagnosis of Lung Cancer
- Complete Blood Count
- Chest x ray
- CT SCAN- It is important for staging of cancer
- Bone Scan
- PET Scan
There are several other methods of confirming diagnosis. These methods include the following:
- Sputum cytology
- Transthoracic needle biopsy (CT- or fluoroscopy-guided)
Stage of disease plays a major role in determining the choice of treatment.
Management of Lung Cancer
“Surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation are the main treatment options . The appropriate application of skilled palliative care is an important part of the treatment of patients with NSCLC”
Surgery is the treatment of choice for stage I and stage II .
Different types of surgery are used, which are as follows:
- Lobectomy – removing a section of the lung
- Pneumonectomy – removing the entire lung
- Wedge resection – removing part of a lobe
Most of the patients with lung cancer are considered for combination chemotherapy at some point during the course of their illness.
Recommended first-line treatment for NSCLC include a platinum combination.
In stage I and stage II NSCLC, radiation therapy is considered only when surgical resection is not possible. Radiation is a reasonable good option for lung cancer treatment among those who are not candidates for surgery.
Note (for foreign patients):
Besides South Asian countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), every year, India gets thousands of medical tourists from African countries- Nigeria, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, Ghana, Somalia,Gambia etc and Middle Eastern countries like Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Oman, UAE, Yemen etc. Hence, if you are a citizen of any of these countries, there is good likelihood that you will be meeting some fellow citizens or same language speakers in the major hospitals in India. Almost all the top hospitals have translators for people of these region. Our patient support team is also well placed to assist you.