Sickle Cell Anemia Treatment
In this article, we have covered the following aspects of Sickle Cell Anemia:
- Best Hospitals in India for Sickle Cell Anemia
- Top Specialists in India for Sickle Cell Anemia
- Cost of Sickle Cell Anemia
- Understanding Sickle Cell Anemia
Best Doctors and Hospitals for treatment of Sickle Cell Anemia
Following is a list of the most reputed specialists in India for the treatment of Sickle Cell Anemia.
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Cost of Sickle Cell Anemia Treatment in India
Unfortunately, we are not able to share the cost of this treatment as we are still awaiting response from few hospitals before publishing the cost. However, you may share your medical reports and we will share the cost of treatment from the hospital recommended for you.
Sickle Cell Anemia
Sickle cell anemia disease is an inherited disease in which the patient does not have enough healthy red blood cells (RBCs) in the body. The RBCs become sickle-shaped, rather than being round and flexible. The defected RBCs prevent adequate blood flow and oxygen supply to different parts of the body leading to serious conditions.
Though, for most patients with sickle cell anemia, there is no complete cure but the symptoms can be controlled. The advancements in medical science has made possible for people suffering from sickle cell anemia to live longer and healthier lives. The right treatment can relieve symptoms and prevent problems related to the disease.
Sickle Cell Anemia Screening Test
Sickle cell anemia is an inherited disease, i:e., passed from generation to generation. When the defective gene is passed from both the parents to their child, the child will suffer from sickle cell anemia. If only one parent passes the sickle cell gene, the child will be the carrier of the disease and will have sickle cell trait. Such children do not suffer from the disease but can pass it to their children further.
Thus, all those who have a family history of sickle cell anemia should undergo Sickle Cell Screening Test before planning a family. The new born babies should also undergo the test. Early detection leads to better treatment outcomes.
If the infant has sickle cell trait, no treatment is required while if the baby is diagnosed sickle cell anemia, you need to consult a hematologist to begin the treatment as soon as possible. Doctors suggest the treatment should begin by the time the infant is three months.
Symptoms of Sickle Cell Anemia Disease
- Fatigue due to anemia, which is a shortage of red blood cells in the your body.
- Severe periodic pain in the body parts including bones and joints.
- Swelling and pain in hands and feet due to disruption in normal flow of blood to the hands and feet.
- Low immunity, frequent infections due to damage of spleen, an organ that fights infection
- Slow or delayed body growth
- Poor vision
Sickle Cell Anemia Treatment Procedure
This involves gradually replacing patient’s blood with fresh donor blood or plasma. Blood transfusion is performed to prevent acute and chronic complications of sickle cell disease.
The patient is put on regular medications to treat symptoms such as that of periodic pain episodes.
The sickle cell disease makes the patient most vulnerable to any kind of infection. Along with regular vaccines, the effected children are advised a few extra vaccines such as influenza vaccine every year after six months of age and a special pneumococcal vaccine at two and five years of age.
Bone Marrow Transplant
The primary treatment for Sickle Cell Anemia is stem cell transplantation (Bone Marrow Transplant) – a procedure that completely replaces the defected bone marrow stem cells with healthy stem cells from a donor. The donor can be a sibling, other blood relative, or a volunteer whose bone marrow closely matches the patient. For a volunteer bone marrow donor, you need to register at the registries of donors of stem cells in the country.
Note (for foreign patients):
Besides South Asian countries (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), every year, India gets thousands of medical tourists from African countries- Nigeria, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, Ghana, Somalia,Gambia etc and Middle Eastern countries like Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Oman, UAE, Yemen etc. Hence, if you are a citizen of any of these countries, there is good likelihood that you will be meeting some fellow citizens or same language speakers in the major hospitals in India. Almost all the top hospitals have translators for people of these region. Our patient support team is also well placed to assist you.